Try do everything you can and eventually calm down and put up with the fact that the cardreader of your tablet has died.
You can read this thread to try an old Win8.1 drivers for the SD Host Controller.
Unfortunately, this is a common SD Card problem. There is no guaranteed solution to this problem yet.
As well he says motobot is a problem, not attributable to Chuwi, which is given in other brands and is related to computers with Atom processor and BIOS of American Megadrens. There is no proven effective solution. In the group of users of Chuwi in Spanish in Telegram, to which I belong, we have tried several preventive solutions aimed at avoiding that the error occurs. Once the error is present, the only solution found is to remove the card for a few days and after these boot the tablet having connected a USB stick. This usually reactivates the SD reader. Once achieved, it is recommended to partition the SD leaving a partition of less than 32 Gb for Android in Fat32 and the rest in a format not recognizable by Android for Windows. All this is in evidence, but it is working.
It will work without problems with a USB stick. SD cards that have had the least problems, if any, have been Sandisk ultra (red and gray) or black with red letters. I have them in my Hi10 Pro and they work without problems
I do not understand it as a software problem, rather, as a denial of service by Windows upon receiving an unexpected response from the device. We have tried different drivers and only managed to recover in this way with very poor results in transfer speed and writing.
I have the same problem, but one thing I'm lucky, it works on Android side, originally, when I have the Hi10pro everything is working fine. just couple months later,
problem raised, rotation on windows side not working, microSD not working, so far I still can't solve the problem, I'm using PNY 128Gb Elite microSD card.